Saltar la navegación

1. The concept of Decolonization.

The term decolonization was used for the first time by Henri Labouret in 1952 as title of his book "Colonization, Colonialism, decolonization", and is a concept that admits varied interpretations. L. S. Senghor has defined it as "the abolition of all prejudice, of any superiority complex in the consciousness of the colonized"; and also of any inferiority complex in that of the colonized. For E. J. Osmañczyk, it is «The process of winding up the colonial system in the world and the creation of independent states in the former territories of. Earrings '. In general, decolonization is understood as the process by which, on the one hand, colonialism has a legal and political end and, on the other one, independent and sovereign states are formed.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, it seemed that no country could cope with the superiority of Europe, but, after the Second World War, the decolonizing process spread very quickly and ended in just thirty years. The dominance of the European powers over the rest of the world had disappeared. Decolonization process is the beginning of a new era, and the Asian-African revolution in the face of Europe's dominance is one of the most important events of the twentieth century. It affected half of the Earth's surface, was the origin of a high number of Afro states and directly influenced the end of colonial empires.